Even after 148 years, Frank Norris continues to provoke interesting conversation!
Check out a March 1st article by Slate Magazine, which provides scientific viability for Norris’s argument about the colonizing power of the octopus:
“Frank Norris’ 1901 novel about the California railroads described the robber barons’ monopoly as ‘the leviathan, with tentacles of steel clutching into the soil, the soulless Force, the iron-hearted Power, the monster, the Colossus, the Octopus.’ . . . This sinister interpretation of the octopus isn’t all made-up, in a scientific sense. Cephalopods are indeed colonizing species: They’re weedy ecosystem opportunists . . . ”